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  • by Felix Russo

HOW-TO: Hold Still-camera shake 101

Top tips for better DSLR pics

Before you consider buying more gear to improve your photography, consider one of the key causes of poor quality images — camera shake.

Camera shake is caused when the camera moves during an exposure. Factors that influence this include hand holding a camera, shutter speed, shutter release, focal length of lens, and mirror slap. Unless the camera is held perfectly steady during the time of the exposure, the resulting image will appear blurred. Using faster shutter speeds can minimize the effect of camera shake since it is easier to hold a camera steady for a shorter period of time than a longer one.

Learn the Rule

There is a rule regarding the slowest shutter speed one can reliably use before camera shake becomes an issue. A general guideline is to use the shutter speed that is the inverse of the effective focal length of the lens.

For example, if you are shooting at a focal length of 50mm,

the slowest “safe” speed for hand-held photography is 1/60 s (closest shutter speed to 1/50 s).

If you are shooting with a 500mm telephoto lens, the “safe” speed is 1/500 s.

A wide-angle lens of 20mm allows one to shoot hand-held at a speed of 1/20 s.

Note that if you are not using a full-frame sensor, you will need to account for the sensor factor. An APS-C sensor has a factor of 1.5; so a 200mm lens has an effective focal length of 300mm

(200 Å~ 1.5 = 300).


Elite sports photographer Dave Holland knows the importance of creating tack-sharp images. His advice is to learn the basics of how to properly hold a camera. He says, “I see lots of people working their lens with their left hand on the side of the lens, palm down. The most stable position is palm up with your left arm anchored against your body.” As proof of this technique he suggests, “Look at biathletes (or any shooters). They always have their left hand under the rifle, palm up, and their left arm anchored against their body. This is by far the most stable standing position and it helps them hit targets 50m away — it will help you get sharper shots.”